Canons Pertaining to the Diaconate


1031.2 A candidate for the permanent diaconate who is not married is not to be admitted to the diaconate until after completing at least the twenty-fifth year of age; one who is married, not until after completing at least the thirty-fifth year of age and with the consent of his wife.

1031.3 The conference of bishops is free to establish norms which require an older age for the presbyterate and the permanent diaconate.

1031.4 A dispensation of more than a year from the age required according to the norm of #1 and #2 is reserved to the Apostolic See.

1032.3 A person aspiring to the permanent diaconate is not to be promoted to this order until he has completed the time of formation.

1033 A person is promoted licitly to orders only if he has received the sacrament of confirmation.

1034.1 A person aspiring to the diaconate or presbyterate is not to be ordained unless he has first been enrolled among the candidates through the liturgical rite of admission by the authority mentioned in can. 1016 and 1019; his petition is previously to have been written in his own hand, signed, and accepted in writing by the same authority.

1034.2 A person who has been received into a clerical institute through vows is not bound to obtain this admission.

1035.1 Before anyone is promoted to the permanent diaconate or transitional diaconate, he is required to have received the ministries of lector and acolyte and to have exercised them for a suitable period of time.

1035.2 There is to be an interval of at least six months between the conferral of the ministry of acolyte and the diaconate.

1036 In order to be promoted to the order of diaconate or of presbyterate, the candidate is to present his bishop or competent major superior a declaration written in his own hand and signed in which he attests that he will receive the sacred order of his own accord and freely and will devote himself perpetually to the ecclesiastical ministry and at the same time asks to be admitted to the order to be received.

1037 An unmarried candidate for the permanent diaconate and a candidate for the presbyterate are not to be admitted to the order of diaconate unless they have assumed the obligation of celibacy in the prescribed rite publicly before God and the Church or have made perpetual vows in a religious institute.

1039 All candidates for any order are to make a spiritual retreat for at least five days in a place and manner determined by the ordinary. Before the bishop proceeds to ordination, he must be certain that the candidates properly made this retreat.

1041 The following are irregular for receiving orders:

1041.1 a person who labors under some form of amentia or other psychic illness due to which, after experts have been consulted, he is judged unqualified to fulfill the ministry properly;

1041.2 a person who has committed the delict of apostasy, heresy, or schism.

1041.3 a person who has attempted marriage, even only civilly, while either impeded personally from entering marriage by a matrimonial bond, sacred orders, or public perpetual vow of chastity, or with a woman bound by a valid marriage or restricted by same type of vow;

1041.4 a person who has committed voluntary homicide or procured a completed abortion and all those who positively cooperated in either;

1041.5 a person who has mutilated himself or another gravely and maliciously or who has attempted suicide;

1041.6 a person who has placed an act of orders reserved to those in the order of episcopate or presbyterate while either lacking that order or prohibited from its exercise by some declared or imposed canonical penalty.

1051 The following prescripts regarding the investigation about the qualities required in the one to be ordained are to be observed:

1051.1 there is to be a testimonial of the rector or the seminary or house of formation about the qualities required to receive the order, that is, about the sound doctrine of the candidate, his genuine piety, good morals, and aptitude to exercise the ministry, as well as, after a properly executed inquiry, about his state of physical and psychic health;

1051.2 in order to conduct the investigation properly, the diocesan bishop or major superior can employ other means which seem useful to him according to the circumstances of time and place, such as testimonial letters, public announcements, or other sources of information.

1174.1 Clerics are obliged to perform the Liturgy of the Hours according to the norm of Canon 276.2, n.3; members of institutes of consecrated life and societies of apostolic life are bound according to the norm of their constitutions.

1174.2 Other members of the Christian faithful according to circumstances are also earnestly invited to participate in the Liturgy of the Hours inasmuch as it is the action of the Church.




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